Most of the RCCK members are former middle and high-ranking Kuomintang officials or personages of middle and upper social strata who once had relations with the Kuomintang. The RCCK also recruits members from those who have ties with Taiwan and support the reunification of the motherland.
The RCCK was founded on January 1, 1948 in Hong Kong. In September 1949 it sent representatives to the First Plenary Session of the CPPCC in Beijing. They participated in drawing up the Common Program of the CPPCC that served as the country's fundamental law during the early period of New China, contributing to the founding of the People's Republic.
Since New China was founded in 1949, the RCCK has played an important role in carrying on the socialist revolution and construction, in strengthening ties with Kuomintang personnel and their families in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macao and foreign countries, in uniting patriots for achieving the peaceful reunification of the motherland.